Hey Everyone,

I know its been a while since we studied Galileo, but I found an interesting video about him and thought you guys might enjoy it. It focuses on his affair with the church, so it could be useful if you want to talk about science in the renaissance in your final paper.


Origins of Opera

My presentation tomorrow is an overview of the early period of opera. I was not very acquainted with opera prior to this presentation and I am assuming a lot of you also do not have an excessive amount of knowledge about the subject, so I am going to to post a few videos and an article to provide a light introduction for tomorrow.

Earliest surviving work of opera: Euridice by Jacopo Peri

The Messenger Scene

This is from Sant’Alessio which I will be discussing in depth tomorrow


This article describes the various classifications that singers receive based on vocal ability.

Voice Types

Handel and Scarlatti in Rome

Tomorrow I’ll be talking about Handel and Scarlatti in Rome. I wanted to include some videos with recordings of their compositions so you have an idea of what their works were like.

This is part of Handel’s famous work La Resurrezione which was composed in Rome.

This is the Hallelujah chorus from Handel’s most famous work, Messiah.

This is a sonata by Dominco Scarlatti. He composed over 500 of them during his lifetime.


Pilgrims and Confraternities

For my presentation tomorrow, I will be discussing Urban Welfare in Renaissance Rome.  Since pilgrims contributed greatly to the need for social assistance, I thought it might be helpful to preface with some information on pilgrimage.

The following book, The Renaissance in Rome by Charles L. Stinger, discusses various aspects of the Roman Renaissance.  I’d like you to take a look at pages 31 to 34 to gain some background on the significance of pilgrimage to the capital of Christianity.  Also, on page xxix you’ll find a list of Renaissance Popes that might be a helpful chronological reference to relate to our studies.  The book’s introduction also provides an interesting overview of the Renaissance Era that you might enjoy.

Another large factor in Roman urban welfare were confraternities.  The following links provide background information on a few brotherhoods assisting in public works in Renaissance Rome to give you an idea of what they were and what they did:

Santa Maria dell’Orto Confraternity that also founded a church and hospital:

SS. Trinita dei Pellegrini, founded to assist Pilgrims in Rome:

Confraternita dei Palafrenieri, founded by the papal grooms in charge of the pope’s horses, founded Sant’Anna dei Palafrenieri church in Vatican city:’Anna_dei_Palafrenieri

Also take a look at parts of the following book, Italian Confraternities in the Sixteenth Century by Christopher F. Black.  The introduction to chapter four gives some insight into confraternity life and obligations:

Italian Renaissance Webpage

While doing some online searching, I came across this website that might be helpful for review of the topics we’ve discussed in our courses and interesting to expand our knowledge of the Italian Renaissance!  I hope you find this link helpful and informative!

Scientific Revolution Review

This YouTube Channel has some good videos for a review of the Scientific Revolution.

These videos also contain review materials.   (Portion about the Enlightenment is unnecessary)     (Information beginning with Thomas Edison is not important) 

The moon!

IDL TIFF filePlease look at this picture of the moon (taken last week) before our tour on science tomorrow.

Shot of the half Moon(31 days old) last Friday morning at round 2am (Raleigh time), as it started to rise from the southeast. You will notice the mountain range up in the right, northern corner. The smaller, most northern range is the Caucasus Mts. The range just below the small gap is the Apennine Mts. The location in between the two ranges is the approximate area where Apollo 15 landed.